Recent studies have examined the local impact of the Gulf Stream front on North Atlantic blocking. In this study we used semi-idealized atmospheric-only experiments to identify the additional crucial role of the Kuroshio Extension front in setting the climatological North Atlantic blocking activity.
Climate models project an increase in drought and aridity in many regions, in response to greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. In areas with complex topography, such as the Canary Islands, elevation may play an important role in future changes.
In this study, we did fieldwork in the remote high Arctic close to 80 oN at Svalbard as well as in the alpine, glaciated landscapes of Norway. The question we address here was how the aquatic microbial communities change along a glacial retreat gradient combined with analysis of greenhouse gases.
Crustal flow, exhumation and fault reactivation may hinder river incision and help preserve orogenic plateaus, according to a combination of thermochronology and numerical modelling applied to the Yarlung River in the southern Tibetan plateau
If we rely on historical disasters to motivate preparedness, we will be constantly surprised by unprecedented events in a changing climate! In this study, we characterize unprecedented extremes and estimate the change in risk since 1980 in the Midwestern USA and Eastern China, major wheat producers.
We attributed extreme scaling into atmospheric thermodynamic and dynamic components and further decompose the thermodynamic effects into more details to reveal the physics of extreme precipitation under climate warming.
Ferromanganese oxides formed by hydrothermal activity have been collected from a petit-spot volcano that erupted on an old and cold oceanic plate prior to subduction. This is the first evidence of hydrothermal activity due to the deepest submarine volcanism.